Raids and bloody rituals among ancient steppe nomads

Ancient historiographers described steppe nomads as violent people dedicated to warfare and plundering. However,little archaeological and anthropological data are available regarding violence in these communities during the early centuries CE.

An international team led by researchers from the University of Bern and the Russian Academy of Sciences presents new discoveries about the types of violence lived by nomads from Siberia between the 2nd and 4th centuries CE.

The study demonstrates that 25% of the individuals died as a consequence of interpersonal violence, mostly related to hand-to-hand combat, and often represented by traces of decapitation. Even though violence affected most of men, also women and children were found among the victims.

Their study demonstrates how political changes affected, in the past like nowadays, the life and death of people.


The essence of anthropology lies in the broad understanding of various phenomena in society and mankind, and interpretation in a deeper cultural field.

Probe - Psychology, Sociology & Anthropology is an international open access journal which is  devoted to the publication of original research papers on all areas of Psychology, Sociology and Anthropology, and their broad range of experience and application as they relate with the society.

Topics of interest include Behavioral Psychology, Clinical Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Counseling Psychology, Cultural Psychology, Economic Psychology, Educational Psychology, Environmental Psychology, Ethics in Psychology, Forensic Psychology, Health Psychology.

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